Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman dictator, politician, and military general who played a critical role in the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Pompey the Great formed the First Triumvirate, an alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years. Caesar rose to become one of the most powerful politicians in the Roman Republic through several of his accomplishments, notably his victories in the Gallic Wars, completed in 51 BC.
Once completed, the Senate ordered Caesar to resign and return to Rome, but that meant losing his immunity from being charged with a criminal and, as a result, Caesar found himself with no choice but to cross the Rubicon River and illegally challenge the Roman power structure. .
It was explained during the Amazon Prime documentary "I, Caesar" how the events happened.
The narrator said in 1997: “The choice was stark, surrendering its legions and facing trial, exile, even death or struggle.
"Declaring" the dice is dead ", he crossed the Rubicon, which marked the northeastern border of Italy, and headed for Rome.
Julius Caesar was a Roman leader (Image: GETTY)
Caesar came to power over 2,000 years ago (Image: GETTY)
It's interesting that he picks a player's term for it.
“News spread quickly, people knew about Caesar's brutal behavior in Gaul and feared the worst.
“Their seasoned veterans advanced south, ripping through organized hasty oppositions.
“The cities of Italy feared the worst, but were spared when the city gates opened without a fight.
"Senatorial opponents in Rome, like Cicero, felt increasingly isolated."
However, renowned British scholar Peter Connolly, who passed away in 2012, stated during the series that there was a secret meaning in Caesar's words.
The Roman leader led his fighters into battle (Image: GETTY)
Connolly says the leader may not have been as confident as he seemed.
He said during the series: "When he embarks on a civil war and crosses the Rubicon, his famous statement" the die is thrown "has two meanings.
"First, there is no turning back.
‘But it's interesting that he chooses the player term for it, because the other meaning is that the die is in the air.
"Of course no one knows where it will go."
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Peter Connolly said there were two meanings to the quote. (Image: AMAZON)
Other Roman leaders plotted against Caesar (Image: GETTY)
The narrator detailed how this dice roll was worth it to Caesar.
He explained: “Caesar entered Rome to find out that his opponents had fled, and within weeks Pompey gathered loyal legions under his command.
“A civil war has been fought in North Africa and Europe.
Caesar went west to crush any legion that declared his support for Pompey.
After winning the victory in Spain, he marched to Greece to face Pompey on the plain of Farsalus.
“Caesar, with 22,000 troops, was outnumbered two, one, but after the battle began, he proved to be the most skilled general.
"15,000 of Pompey's best troops were killed, the rest captured, was a decisive victory, but Pompey himself managed to escape."
In the days of March (March 15), in 44 BC, Caesar was murdered by a group of rebel senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Marcus Junius Brutus and Decimus Junius Brutus, who stabbed him to death.
A new series of civil wars broke out and the constitutional government of the Republic was never fully restored.
Caesar Octavian's adopted heir, later known as Augustus, came to power after defeating his opponents in the civil war.
Octavian began to solidify his power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.