Researchers in China reported the first presumptive case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, GBS, associated with the coronavirus. A 61-year-old woman initially showed signs of a central nervous system disease after returning from Wuhan, China. She did not initially present with the common coronavirus symptoms of fever, cough or chest pain.
Brain tests showed that the woman had unusual swelling.
Wuhan's doctors then diagnosed it as acute necrotizing hemorrhagic encephalopathy.
This is a rare complication of the central nervous system secondary to influenza or other viral infections, characterized by altered mental status and seizures.
It often leads to profound disability or death.
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Other tests have been carried out on the woman to eliminate some other viruses that can cause the diagnosed condition.
The senior author of the study at Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai and the Faculty of Medicine at Jiao Tong University in Shanghai, China, said: "It may or may not have a causal relationship.
"Our single case report suggests only a possible association between Guillain-Barre syndrome and Covid-19 infection.
"More cases with epidemiological data are needed.
A 58-year-old woman who tested positive for COVID-19 developed a case of acute necrotizing encephalitis (ANE), an infection of the central nervous system.
Dr. Elissa Fory, who was part of the Henry Ford health system research team, said: “This is significant for all health professionals who are attentive and attentive to patients who have an altered level of consciousness.
"We need to think about how we are going to incorporate patients with severe neurological disease into our treatment paradigm.
"This complication is as devastating as a serious lung disease."
Doctors at the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit said: “This is the first reported case of acute necrotizing hemorrhagic encephalopathy associated with coronavirus.
"As the number of patients with Covid-19 increases worldwide, clinicians and radiologists should be aware of this presentation among patients with Covid-19 and altered mental status."
In another case in the USA, a 74-year-old man with pre-existing neurological conditions had suddenly lost his ability to speak.
He was finally diagnosed with coronavirus.
His doctors said: "Because Covid-19 affects older people and those with pre-existing conditions more, patients with previous neurological problems and acute respiratory symptoms have an increased risk of encephalopathy at the initial presentation"